Granada is a city located in southern Spain that was once the capital of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada, a Muslim state that flourished in the Iberian Peninsula during the late Middle Ages. It was founded by the Berber dynasty in the 13th century and became one of the last strongholds of Islamic culture in Spain until the Catholic Monarchs conquered it in 1492, ending Muslim rule on the Iberian Peninsula.
During its heyday, Granada was a center of art, science, and literature, as well as a hub of trade and commerce. Its most famous monument, the Alhambra, is a palace and fortress complex that embodies the finest examples of Islamic art and architecture. The Alhambra, along with the city's other Islamic monuments, stands as a testament to the achievements of the Muslim civilization that once thrived in Spain. Today, Granada is a vibrant city that attracts visitors from all over the world who come to admire its rich cultural heritage and historic landmarks.