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A Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet. He was born in Nishabur, in northeastern Iran, and spent most of his life near the court of the Karakhanid and Seljuq rulers in the period which witnessed the First Crusade.
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An Arab-Andalusian physician, surgeon and chemist. Considered to be the greatest surgeon of the Middle Ages, he has been described as the father of surgery. His principal work is the Kitab al-Tasrif, a thirty-volume encyclopedia of medical practices. The surgery chapter of this work was later tra...
Mariam Astrulabi was a Muslim scientist born in Syria during the 10th century. In fact, she is known to be the only female astronomer in ancient Islam. Mariam is known for developing Astrolabes, an ancient astronomical computer for solving problems relating to time and position of the sun and sta...
Al-Khwarizmi's important works in mathematics, led to him being dubbed the 'father of Algebra'. One of his achievements in algebra was his demonstration of how to solve quadratic equations by completing the square. He was from Khorasan in Uzbekistan and around 820 CE he became the astronomer and ...